Dr. Ira Chasnoff, president of the Children's Research Triangle and a professor of clinical pediatrics at the University of Illinois College of Medicine in Chicago, says "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome" and "Fetal Alcohol Effects" are not strong enough definitions to describe the effects on children whose mothers drank while pregnant and their are too many misconceptions about those terms.
"Some people, even professionals such as educators, are of the misconception that FAS is only prevalent in minorities," Chasnoff told a workshop in Aberdeen, according to the Aberdeen News. "That's not the case, though, as white children can suffer as well. Because some don't believe that, though, it's hard to get those kids the needed services."
Chasnoff said he wants to see what is now known as fetal alcohol syndrome to "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder" to expand the definition to include both fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol effects (FAE). FAS is usually describes children with facial deformities and mental retardation, while FAE is associated with "milder" effects, such as hyperactivity and aggressive behavior.
"Pregnant women shouldn't drink any alcohol," Chasnoff said. "Even one drink a week can cause hyperactivity and aggressive behavior in a child."
More: Frequently Asked Questions about FAS | Alcohol and Pregnancy