Therefore, the proper term for these substances should be "anabolic-androgenic steroids," throughout the About.com Alcoholism / Substance Abuse website, they are referred to as the more commonly used term "anabolic steroids."
Used for Medical PurposesOriginally, anabolic steroids were developed in the 1930s to treat a medical condition known as hypogonadism, in which the testes do not produce enough testosterone, which can stunt growth, development and sexual functioning.
Abused by AthletesWhen early research with animals in the 1930s found that anabolic steroids could facilitate the growth of skeletal muscle, the drugs began to be abused for that purpose by bodybuilders and weightlifters. They later began to be abused by athletes in other sports because of their performance-enhancing capabilities.
Because their use can affect the outcome of sports competition, anabolic steroids have been banned from use by all amateur and professional sports organizations.
In some countries, no prescription is needed for anabolic steroids. Therefore, most of the illicit steroids sold in gyms, competitions and mail-order operations are smuggled into the United States. Some steroids are produced in illegal laboratories or diverted from pharmacies.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, these are some commonly abused steroids:
Commonly Abused SteroidsOral Steroids
- Anadrol (oxymetholone)
- Oxandrin (oxandrolone)
- Dianabol (methandrostenolone)
- Winstrol (stanozolol)
- Deca-Durabolin (nandrolone decanoate)
- Durabolin (nandrolone phenpropionate)
- Depo-Testosterone (testosterone cypionate)
- Equipoise (boldenone undecylenate)
- Tetrahydrogestrinone (THG)
National Institute on Drug Abuse. "Anabolic Steroid Abuse." Research Report Series Updated July 2012
The Partnership at DrugFree.org. "Steroids." Drug Guide. Accessed March 2014.