1. Health

Prescription Medications

Information on legal drugs which are sometimes abused, including prescription drugs and over-the-counter medications such as Adderall, Dextroamphetamine, Darvon, Ritalin, Benzodiazepine and Wellbutrin.
  1. OxyContin

Commonly Abused Medications
When prescription or over-the-counter medications are abused they can produce serious adverse health effects including addiction or dependence.

Painkiller Overdoses Claiming More Women
Prescription drug abuse in the United States remains a growing problem, particularly among women, who are dying from painkiller overdoses at an unprecedented rate.

Prescription Drug Problem Overwhelming State Resources
With the sales of pain medication increasing to unprecendented levels in the United States, the growing drug abuse problem is taxing state and local resources.

Drug Overdose Deaths Double in Five Years
Unintentional fatal drug overdoses almost doubled from 1999 to 2004 and became the second leading cause of accidental death in the United States in 2004, behind only automobile crashes, according to the Centers for Disease Control.

A Prescription for Teen Danger
A growing number of teenagers are raiding their parents' pill bottles or buying prescription drugs illegally. Medicines that can help patients can also be misused to produce a high feeling. And they can hook teens into addiction just as easily as other illicit drugs.

Pain-Killer Abuse Increasing Among Older Adults
As older Americans turn to pain pills to combat the aches and pains of aging, more are becoming addicted to the opiate-based drugs, causing the number of seniors seeking treatment for addiction to almost double.

FDA Approves Hydrocodone-Only Drug
Against the advice of its own expert advisers, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved a new drug that contains a stronger, single-ingredient version of hydrocodone.

Prescription Drug Abuse Rises Dramatically
Treatment admissions involving non-medical use of narcotic pain relievers between 1998 and 2008 increased by an alarming 400 percent.

Prescription Drug Epidemic Hits Western States
The prescription drug abuse epidemic that began in the South and East has now moved into some Western states, where law enforcement and health officials were not prepared for the challenges.

Doctors 'Not Taking Hydrocodone Seriously'
The number of prescriptions that are written for pain pills that contain hydrocodone demonstrates that many doctors are not taking the risks of these addictive medications seriously.

Prescription Drug Abuse Affecting Newborns
Health officials are seeing a huge increase in the number of newborns who come into the world addicted to pain medication.

Guidelines Updated for Treating Drug-Addicted Newborns
Pediatricians and hospitals have been given new guidelines for identifying, monitoring and treating newborns exposed to pain killers and other drugs.

Cough Medicine Abuse on the Rise
Abuse of over-the-counter cough medicines containing dextromethorphan (DXM) is increasing among young people ages 12 to 20, according to a study of emergency room visits.

Doctors Lax in Monitoring Prescription Drug Users
Physicians are lax in monitoring those patients to determine if they are abusing the drugs, even those who are at high risk for opioid misuse, researchers have found.

Misuse of Muscle Relaxant a Growing Problem
Over a five-year period, the number of emergency room visits involving the misuse of carisoprodol have doubled.

Did Broadband Access Boosts Prescription Drug Abuse?
Has the increase in online pharmacies that sell drugs without a prescription been a factor in the rapid growth in rates of prescription drug abuse?

Stimulants Photo Gallery
Pictures from the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency of stimulants which can be abused and possibly become addictive.

Vicodin Withdrawal Symptoms
Vicodin withdrawal can produce a wide range of physical symptoms which can occur when someone stops or dramatically reduces the drug after heavy or prolonged use.

Many Teens Think Prescription Drugs Are Safe
Have you heard that taking prescription drugs is safer that illegal drugs because they are medicine? You only have to look at the latest headlines about celebrities who died from accidental overdoses to figure out that one is a myth. But many teens buy into the logic.

Benzodiazepines
The definition of benzodiazepines from the About.com Alcoholism / Substance Abuse site.

Darvon, Darvocet Removed From Market
Darvon and Darvocet have been banned from use by the Food & Drug Administration, a move some experts say is long overdue.

New Law Targets Rogue Online Pharmacies
Congress has passed a new law that targets online pharmacies that dispense controlled substances to anyone without a valid prescription from a doctor who has actually examined the patient in person.

Why Is Methadone Particularly Dangerous?
Answers to frequently asked questions from the Alcoholism / Substance Abuse site.

FDA Issues Health Advisory for Methadone
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued a health advisory concerning the prescribing of methadone for pain control, after receiving reports of death and life-threatening side effects in patients new to using the drug.

Methadone Deaths Linked to Pain Prescriptions
The growing use of methadone as a prescribed pain killer, not as an addiction treatment, has contributed to the alarming increase in methadone overdose deaths in the United States.

FDA Takes Action on Darvon, Darvocet
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has taken action to reduce the risk of overdose for people who take pain medications containing propoxyphene, which is sold under the brand names Darvocet, Darvon, Darvon-N and Dolene.

More Young Adults Abusing Pain Pills
Although the use of pain medication for non-medical reasons declined among teens, young adults aged 18 to 25 who abused pain relivers increased from 4.1% to 4.6% from 2002 to 2007.

Teen Prescription Drug Abuse Continues Increase
Although the use of illegal drugs is on the decline among the nation's adolescents, the nonmedical use of prescription and over-the-counter drugs has increased to alarming levels.

Cough Syrup More Abused by Youth Than Meth
Although it can cause life-threatening adverse reactions, more than 3.1 million young people in the United States have used over-the-counter (non-prescription) cough and cold medicines to get high at least once in their lifetimes.

Officials Outline Plan to Curb Buprenorphine Abuse
Buprenorphine, marketed under the brand name Suboxone, was developed as a safer alternative for treating people addicted to heroin and painkillers compared to methadone. It was also designed to be resistant to abuse, but it hasn't turned out that way.

Internet Drug Sales Continue to Increase
For the third year the number of Web sites advertising or selling controlled perescription drugs like OxyContin, Vicodin, Valium, and Ritalin has increased dramatically with most of them not requiring prescription nor taking steps to prevent children from ordering the drugs.

ERs See Rise in Drug-Abuse Cases
Narcotic pain medications implicated in drug-abuse related emergency room visits rose 20 percent from 2001 to 2002, according to new estimates from the Drug Abuse Warning Network.

What is Pain Medicine?
Pain medicine, also called pain management, is a branch of medicine that applies science to the reduction of pain. Pain medicine covers a wide spectrum of conditions including neuropathic pain, cancer pain, postoperative pain and more.

New Hope For Opiate Addiction
Suboxone (buprenorphine + naloxone) has been approved for the treatment of opiate dependence. It is actually two drugs in one pill.

Opioid Withdrawal, Cocaine Use Damages Heart
Abrupt withdrawal from high-dose painkillers such as OxyContin or the use of cocaine can both increase risk of a cardiac event known as 'broken heart syndrome,' according to two studies published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Opiate Drug Use Creates Vicious Stress Cycle
Research shows that opiate drugs, such as morphine and heroin, leaves users more vulnerable to stress, which can create a vicious cycle with stress triggering more drug use.

Fentanyl Pain Patch Abuse Can Be Deadly
Drug abusers misusing prescription fentanyl pain patches, which are designed to slowly release the painkiller, to get a quick high are running the risk of dying from an overdose of the drug, which is 100 times more potent than morphine.

Pain Medication Addiction More Risky for Younger Patients
Older patients can take opiod-based pain medications to ease severe, chronic pain with little risk of seeking larger doses, but research shows that younger patients are more likely to want to rapidly increase their medication dose.

Abuse of Anti-Anxiety Drugs Increases
The number of drug-abuse related visits to hospital emergency rooms involving benzodiazepine medications exceeded 100,000 in 2002, a 41 percent increase since 1995.

Pain-Killer Addiction Hits Rural Areas
Rural areas outpaced urban areas in substance abuse treatment rates for abuse of narcotic painkillers in 2002.

Oxycodone, Hydrocodone Abuse on the Increase
Forty percent of the 119,000 mentions of narcotic pain medications in emergency rooms involved either oxycodone or hydrocodone in 2002, according to a new report released by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Many Take More Pain Relievers Than Recommended
Despite increasing evidence of the serious side effects associated with indiscriminate use of over-the-counter analgesics, U.S. adults continue to use the medications incorrectly, putting themselves at risk for life-threatening side effects.

Prescription Abuse Continues to Rise
Nearly 1.3 million Americans 12 and older abuse prescription drugs and require treatment for their problem, a new study concludes.

Drinkers Use Pain-Killers Despite Interactions
Despite warnings about interactions between alcohol and narcotic pain relievers, a new study suggests many people taking these drugs continue to drink, in some cases heavily.

Government Takes on Doctor Shoppers, Pill Mills
For the first time, the Bush Administration will carry out a coordinated drug strategy to confront the illegal diversion and abuse of prescription drugs.

Painkiller Linked to Rise in Overdose Deaths
Doctors prescribing methadone for pain relief may inadvertently be the cause of an alarming rise in deaths related to the drug in the United States.

You've Got Drugs! - Pushers on the Internet
According to a White Paper released by The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, dangerous and addictive controlled substances are easily available over the Internet without prescription to individuals of any age.

FDA Issues Antidepressants Advisory
The Food and Drug Administration issued a Public Health Advisory that provides further cautions to physicians, their patients, and families and caregivers of patients about the need to closely monitor both adults and children with depression.

Preschoolers Lead Growth of Antidepressant Use
The use of paroxetine and other antidepressant medications continues to grow by about 10 percent annually among children and adolescents, according to a study published in the April 2004 issue of Psychiatric Services.

Illegal Drug Use Complicates Cancer Pain Management
Misconceptions and stereotypes have forced some clinicians to feel uncomfortable prescribing medication to addicted cancer patients, for the fear that it will be misused or wind up in the wrong hands.

Increased Abuse of Prescription Drugs is Cause for Concern
Painkillers such as Vicodin and OxyContin are opiates and are very powerful medications against pain, but they need to be taken under close supervision of a doctor. These same medications when taken inappropriately can cause addiction.

Adderall and Dextroamphetamine
Adderall, the "new" name for a Dextroamphetamine/Amphetamine composite medication that has been around for more than 20 years. Adderall is an amphetamine. Amphetamines have a high potential for abuse.

Benzodiazepine Addiction, Withdrawal & Recovery
Describes the phenominon known as Protracted Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Syndrome, and provides much useful information on benzodiazepines such as Valium and Xanax.

Codeine
A 10 percent codeine dose is transformed into morphine in the liver so is seldom used in cough syrups today except in the most extreme cases.

Drugs.com
Drugs.com provides comprehensive, easy to read information on over 24,000 different drugs and medicines, for both consumers and healthcare professionals. Includes a pill identifier function.

Fentanyl
A new method of delivering Fentanyl is ACTIQ, a raspberry-flavored oral method which works in 15 minutes to deliver almost instant relief for severe pain, and is making it's way to the black market.

Hydrocodone
Hydrocodone is a semi synthetic narcotic pain reliever and cough suppressant, similar to codeine. Recently, hydrocodone has come under fire for being a heavily abused prescription drug.

Methadone
Methadone was first used for the treatment of severe pain, but can lead to the development of tolerance and physical and psychological dependence.

Oxycodone
Oxycodone is habit forming and should only be used under close supervision, especially by patients with an alcohol or drug addiction.

Percocet
Even if taken only as prescribed, Percocet can lead quickly to physical and psychological dependence.

Soma
Soma (generic name carisoprodol) is a narcotic muscle relaxer more cautiously prescribed than other muscle relaxers, especially if a patient is taking narcotic pain medication.

Ritalin: Non-Medical Use
Indiana Prevention Resource Center paper on the misuse of Ritalin (methylphenidate), a familiar stimulant drug, long used to treat hyperactivity in children.

Vicodin
Vicodin can be habit-forming. If you take this drug over a long period of time, you can become mentally and physically dependent on it.

Vivitrol - Treating Alcoholism and Addiction with Vivitrol
Vivitrol - Treating Alcoholism and Addiction with Vivitrol

Physicians Group Targets Prescription Drug Addiction
The American College of Physicians recommends a national prescription monitoring program and a medical approach to dealing with the problem of prescription drug abuse.

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