If you have decided that the amount of alcohol that you drink exceeds recommended guidelines and puts you at risk for developing alcohol-related problems, you may want to try cutting down or moderating your consumption.
If you are currently drinking more than the recommended guidelines, any change that you make, even small changes, can help you reduce the harm that alcohol can cause. The less you drink, the lower your risk of developing problems.
Tips and Tricks for Cutting Down
Below are some tips and tricks that have helped others cut down on their drinking, according to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). Some of these may be helpful to you, while others may not work.
The key to successfully cutting down is to find something that does work for you. Try some of the tips below and if one doesn't work, try another until you find one that helps.
Set a Goal
Write down how many drinks you want to drink per day and how many days a week you want to drink. Writing down your goals can help remind you that you want to limit your drinking. People who drink within the recommended guidelines have much lower risk of developing problems.
Count Your Drinks
Making the effort to record how many drinks you have may also help you reduce or slow down your drinking. You can use a handwritten note that you keep in your wallet or record your drinks on your smartphone or PDA, whatever is more convenient for you.
Measure Your Drinks
If you are going to count how many drinks you have, make sure you are accurate. Learn what counts as a standard drink so that you can accurately measure how many you have had. Stick to your goal even when you are away from home, dining out, or in a bar.
Some drinkers trying to cut down have been successful by pacing their drinking -- sipping their drinks slowly or making sure they have only one drink per hour. People who consume drinks quickly, particularly the first few drinks, are at greater risk of developing alcohol abuse or alcohol dependence.
Space Your Drinks
Another trick for cutting down alcohol consumption is to use drink spacers -- nonalcoholic beverages between drinks containing alcohol. Some drinkers will alternate a drink of water, juice or soda between their alcoholic beverages to slow down their consumption.
Don't Forget to Eat
For some drinkers, eating food will reduce their craving for alcohol. This is not true for all drinkers, but if eating something reduces your craving for a drink, making sure you eat a meal at times when you usually drink might help you reduce the amount you drink. Of course, it is not wise for anyone to drink on an empty stomach.
Avoid Your Triggers
Whether you are trying to cut down or quit drinking altogether, it is a good idea to avoid situations in which you are used to drinking. People, places, things and certain activities can be triggers that cause you to have an urge to drink. Avoiding those triggers can prevent you from drinking when you otherwise might not do so.
Do Something Else
If drinking has become a big part of your life, try substituting other activities during those times when you might usually drink. Take up a hobby, begin an exercise program, make new friends, or spend more time with your family. Find something that you enjoy that will occupy the time during which you would usually be drinking.
Learn How to Say 'No'
Chances are you are going to be in situations in which someone is going to offer you a drink or expect you to drink with them as you have done in the past. Learn how to politely say "no thank you," and really mean it. Say it quickly and firmly so that you don't give yourself time to change your mind. You may want to practice what you will say the next time your friends ask you to have a drink.
If You Can't Cut Down
In spite of all your efforts, you may find that you simply cannot cut down on your drinking. You may be successful for awhile, but soon return to drinking at your previous risk level or even more.
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. "Rethinking Drinking: Alcohol and Your Health." February 2009.